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Cello Lessons: String Changing Exercise: Middle of the Bow

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We're gonna continue exploring
which muscles to use when we're changing
strings in different parts of the bow.
If we put the bow on the A-string
in the middle of a bow in order to
cross over to the D string,
I'm gonna use my wrist.
I'm gonna go like this from the wrist.
So I'm gonna play an A on a down bow.
then I'm gonna put my wrist down.
[NOISE] To play the D.
When we're doing a lot string
crossings we want to keep our arm at
the level of the upper string so
that we can drop down to the lower string.
What we don't wanna do is have
our arm at the lower string and
then try and reach up the upper string.
So, on the A string, if we want to
do our string changing routine,
I'm gonna go down move,
up move, down move, up move,
and I'm pretty much just
using my wrist to move.
I don't really need to engage my elbow or
upper arm.
I'm going to reverse direction now and
I'm going to go up on the D string and
After you try starting down and
up bow from both strings,
you can try and add some
intervals to give yourself something
musical to occupy your left hand.
On the upper strings, I'll do six,
how about in the key of G major.
So I'll start on the upper string and
I'll go B down to D then C down to E.
Now I'll keep going
So that's a good way to explore just the
upper strings in the middle of the bow.
As we move to our lower strings, on the G
and C string, I'm gonna have to involve
more of my arm to reach the bottom
string because it's a larger
distance between the bottom strings
than there is between the upper strings.
So if I start in the middle of the bow
on the G string, in order to play the C
string, I'm gonna drop from the elbow and
kind of twist my wrist a little bit.
I'm twisting my wrist out and
then dropping the elbow.
I'll do that with the bow in my hand.
[SOUND] From the middle of the bow.
you can practice it down, move,
up, move, down, move, up, move.
[SOUND] Just work on this for
a while until it feels completely natural.
You can also practice
with the sixth going up the string.
Now let's work on string crossing between
strings that are two strings apart.
From the middle of the bow, again we're
gonna put the bow on the D string first,
on the upper string.
[SOUND] And then we're gonna
drop even more from the elbow,
even more arm action,
in order to hit the C string.
[SOUND] Drop, back up.
[SOUND] Drop, back up.
[SOUND] Drop, back up.
After you've practiced string crossing
from the middle of the bow on open strings
D to C, add those tenths that we were
using when we practiced this at the frog.
The last combination of strings we want
to practice in the middle of the bow
are outer strings.
Because they're the furthest apart,
it's going to be the most exaggerated
motion from our forearm, okay?
So in the middle of the bow I'm gonna
put the bow down on the A string.
I'm going to take a short down bow and
then look how far my arm
drops to hit the C string.
[SOUND] It's actually rare that
you would ever have to do.
It's such an extreme string crossing,
multiple times [SOUND] in
the middle of the bow.
[SOUND] We still wanna practice it,
because it's definately gonna come up
in various melodies where you'll play a
hight note, [SOUND] and then a lower note.
[SOUND] Just remember, you wanna keep your
arm height suited for the A string and
then you're gonna drop down from the same
elbow height to hit [NOISE] the C string.
You can practice all of the open
string pairings, or you can add
the intervals we explored in the first
lesson of string changes at the frog.
And send me a video of
you working on these
straight changes in the middle of the bow,
I'll make sure you're on the right track.