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Rhythmic & Chordal Playing
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Cello Lessons: String Changing Exercise: Full Bow

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If you survive the other three
lessons on String Changing at the frog,
the middle and the tip.
Then I think you're finally ready for
working those string
changing with the full bow.
This is gonna start to feel more natural
cuz this is gonna be more similar
to how we use the bow in music.
But those other lessons have
some really good technical
physical tips that I'm gonna
want you to keep in mind.
When we use the full bow, we're only gonna
do this between adjacent strings, okay?
So between the A and the D string,
I'm gonna basically rock back and
forth all the way to the tip and back.
It's gonna look like this.
Now, the reason those other videos
are gonna prepare you for this,
is because at each different
section of the bow,
we're gonna be using
slightly different muscles
in order to make this
string changing smooth.
At the frog, we're gonna be using
the fingers and mostly the pinkie.
At the middle, we're gonna be using
the wrist and start to use the forearm and
then at the tip it's just gonna be
the whole forearm hinging from the elbow.
So I'm gonna call it out as we go and
this is how I would want you to think
about it while you're practicing.
Fingers, wrists, forearm.
Up bow it starts with forearm,
wrists, fingers.
That was a lot of notes per bow.
When you're practicing your routine,
I would say do four rocking
between each of those strings.
Per section of the bow.
So, we'll have four of the fingers,
one, two, three, four.
Then four of the wrist.
And then four with the whole forearm.
Remember, especially when you get to
the tip and you're on the upper strings,
you're going to have to pull in.
For the bottom string.
Let me show you this one more time.
I'll go a couple down and
up bows on the upper strings.
Remember to keep your arm
height on the upper string, and
also practice this with a metronome so
that these alternations are even.
If it starts to sound kind of uneven,
something like that.
That means you're not moving
as smoothly as we want, so
you can practice with
the metronome to really make sure.
[SOUND] That each string
[SOUND] happens where we want.
I'll show this exercise to you briefly
on the other pairs of strings so
you see what they look like for me.
On the middle strings we've got fingers,
wrists, forearm, forearm,
wrist, fingers, fingers,
wrist, forearm, forearm.
On the bottom strings now.
Starting on the C string,
we've got fingers.
Forearm, wrist,
fingers, fingers.
Wrist, forearm,
forearm, wrist, fingers.
You'll notice, as I was playing this
exercise that it's due for me to have some
time with this routine because I
couldn't bow distribute properly and
I actually ran out of bow
in that last exercise.
The things I'm going to be looking for
when you send me a video of you playing
this routine are good bow distribution so
that every four rocks you're making it
a third through the bow,so you
can fit 12 notes in each bow,
and you can even verbalize like
I was fingers, wrist, forearm.
To help you be really conscious
about which muscles you're using.
I would say practice this with
a metronome at a couple different tempos.
Maybe a quarter note equals 60, and
quarter note equals 80, just so
you get different speeds to work
out with these string crosses.
I hope you enjoy it as much
as you possibly can, and
I look forward to checking
in on your progress.