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Cello Lessons: Focus on the Notes that Change

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[MUSIC]
We've talked a lot
about chord scales.
It can get a little overwhelming to be
thinking about changing scale every time
you have a change in chord.
So one really helpful way to make
chord scales as simple as possible,
is to take the key of the tune.
In Cantaloupe Island, we're in F minor.
And basically, we're gonna figure
out just the notes that change
between the chords,
rather than changing the entire scale.
So the first four bars
of Cantaloupe Island,
you can play an F Dorian scale.
[MUSIC]
The next chord is D flat 7, sharp 11.
Which sounds like this.
[MUSIC]
The good news is that between F Dorian and
D flat 7 sharp 11, there's only
two notes that are actually changing.
These scales share five notes,
so the only notes
you have to focus on to
change in order to signify
the harmony change, is the D in F Dorian
[MUSIC]
is going to move to a D flat.
[MUSIC]
And also the C
[MUSIC]
Is going to move down to a C flat
[MUSIC]
Which sounds like a B.
Those are the two notes that change, okay?
Let me just start the backing track so
you can hear me track those two notes.
So from the beginning of the tune, I'm
gonna focus on D and C during the F chord,
and then over D flat 7 sharp 11,
I'm gonna make sure that I hit C flat and
D flat, because those are the only two
notes that signify the harmony change.
[MUSIC]
Here we have D.
D and C go to flat.
Good.
So just as you can see,
if I hit just those two notes that,
that really helps signify
the chord change there.
Let me help you identify
the notes that change
as we go from D flat 7
sharp 11 to D minor 11.
There are four notes that change there.
So the D flat in D flat seven
[MUSIC]
that note,
that note is gonna go up to a D.
[SOUND] bow up to D [SOUND] in D minor.
We also have an E flat
that's gonna go up to E.
So that the E flat,
[SOUND] E flat goes up to E.
[SOUND] The second scale degree
[MUSIC]
The third note that changes is A flat,
is gonna go up to A.
We have A flat here,
when the D flat goes to D it goes to A.
And then the last note is B flat
[MUSIC]
B flat, goes up to B natural.
That's the sharp six in a Dorian scale.
So those are the four notes,
we wanna make sure to hit
as we transition from D flat 7 sharp 11,
to D minor 11.
As we go from D Dorian, D minor 11,
back to F minor chord,
there's only one note that changes.
The B natural.
[MUSIC]
B natural is gonna go down to B flat,
the fourth scale degree.
[MUSIC]
Focusing on just one of these notes
at a time, see if you can have your
melody track these guide tones in order
to construct a solo that helps
show the changes in harmony.
In the chart for this tune I'm gonna
indicate what these notes are.
I call these notes key indicator notes.
Because they are the notes that signify
most strongly that we're in a new chord.
And that is a really helpful way
to make sense of the chaotic
world of chord scales.
And reduce it to just a couple
notes that you need to focus on.
[MUSIC]