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Cello Lessons: Finding Chords: Major Inversions

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[MUSIC]
When we invert a chord,
it means we have a note other
than the root on bottom.
So, for a major chord, we can have
a first inversion, which means the third
is on bottom, or a second inversion,
which means the fifth is on the bottom.
So, [SOUND] for our default major chord,
we're gonna move up until our
first finger is on F sharp.
We're in the key of D again.
And our hand shape for a first
inversion major chord is one, two, two.
So, we're barring the second finger now.
[MUSIC]
It has a nice flavor to it.
It's still all the same pitches,
[MUSIC]
that we played down here.
But, these inversions offer what
we called different voicings.
The voicing of a chord,
like which notes are on the top and
which notes are on bottom can
substantially change the feeling of
a chord even though it's the same notes.
[SOUND] So
that's a D major first inversion.
And then if we put the fifth
of the chord on first finger,
if that's our bottom note,
our hand shape for
second inversion major chord is one,
three, four.
[MUSIC]
So let me play the root position,
first inversion, second inversion.
And I'll just walk up and
down that a couple times.
This is a really great exercise to get all
of these different shapes in your ear.
So, you've got one, one, three.
[SOUND] One, two, two.
[SOUND] One, three, four.
[SOUND] One, three, four.
[SOUND] One, two, two.
[SOUND] One, one, three.
[SOUND] Say the fingerings with me cuz
you really wanna be able to sort of like
access these fingerings as
a unit when you're playing.
So one, one, three.
[SOUND] One, two, two.
[SOUND] One, three, four.
[SOUND] One, three four.
[SOUND] One, two, two.
[SOUND] One, one, three.
[SOUND] Good, and
again this works in every key.
[MUSIC]
Where this becomes actually really
handy is, let's say we have a chord
progression that's all major chords.
Let's say it's D.
[MUSIC]
Then A.
[MUSIC]
Then D.
[MUSIC]
Then G.
[MUSIC]
Just a one, five, one, four progression.
It might get actually kind of monotonous
to play all of these chords as root
position chords all the time.
[MUSIC]
It has that little bit of a back and
forth stiffness to it sometimes.
So by using inversions, you can actually
make a melodic line out of your
base notes, out of the bottom notes.
So I would say let's play a D major
chord [SOUND] in root position.
Then for the five chord, for the A,
we'll play it in second inversion.
So the fifth scale degree is E, [SOUND]
and the hand shape is one, three, four.
[MUSIC]
Those are all the notes in A major.
So, we have D major,
[MUSIC]
A major,
[MUSIC].
And then I'm gonna keep walking
up this bottom note to first
inversion of the D chord,
[MUSIC]
and then we'll end with root position G.
[MUSIC]
So
remember that first inversion
D chord is one, two, two.
And then the root position G chord is one,
one, three.
I know I'm throwing out a lot of numbers,
but when I put these all together,
it's gonna sounds really natural.
It'll sound like this.
[MUSIC]
I'll walk
back down.
A did a little A seven there.
[SOUND] We'll get to
that in another video.
But yeah, so you can actually create more
natural chord movement when you start
using these inversions and
these different hand shapes.
[MUSIC]