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Electric Bass Lessons: Intonation

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[MUSIC]
So,
once your bass is in tune, now we have to
figure out if the bass is intonated, and
this works, this, this is a practice that
all guitarists and bass players should do.
I'm not sure how many people do.
And how many know how to intonate their
own instrument, but
it's something that you really should
learn how to do and it's very easy.
So I'd like to show you how to intunate
the bass.
Basically, what you're doing, is the
length of the string,
from the nut at the neck and the bridge,
should be cut completely in half.
Perfectly in half right at the, [SOUND]
midpoint of the string.
Which on the G string, it'll be the G
harmonic.
[SOUND] So it shows it's in tune there as
an open string.
[COUGH] As a G harmonic, it shows it in
tune.
But when I play the finger, the note G,
it's flat.
Now that's because the string is actually
too long.
So I've, I hit the harmonic, it's perfect
tune and it's flat.
And what you'll notice that, all these
notes will be painfully flat,
and you'll go up to hit a double stop, or
harmonics, or play some chords.
And it will be out of tune with itself.
So, very easy to correct.
We play the string.
And since it's, flat, the string needs to
be shortened.
Now, you can come up with whatever way you
can think about to.
Remember that, what I do is use a little
trick as if,
if the tuner if the note goes to the left,
that means that I need to loosen or
shorten the string, and make it go to the
left, and if its sharp and
goes to the right I tighten or make the
string longer.
So now what I'm doing.
Is actually loosening the bridge and all
guitars, all basses have these where
you can get a Phillips screw driver, and
actually change the length of the string.
And it's kind of trial and error now, so
now that made it shorter, tune it back up
to the G.
[MUSIC]
Once I get
the green light on the G, I'm gonna check
the harmonic.
That's gonna be green.
I'm gonna play the G note.
[MUSIC]
And
it is just about in tune, but it's showing
a little flat,
which means I'm going to have to [SOUND]
Shorten he string again.
So I'll give it another little maybe a
quarter of a turn.
You'll also notice that if you do go the
wrong way.
It will be more exaggerated so.
You actually can't get it wrong by
experimenting.
And a lot of people are afraid to do their
own intunating,
they take their instruments in, but I try
to do it myself,
because it saves you time and money.
Remember, we have to do this for all the
strings, so make sure you have a,
give yourself plenty of time, [SOUND] But
this is gonna be,
keep your bass in tune with itself.
Okay, so there's the greenlight.
[SOUND] There's the greenlight on the
harmonic.
[SOUND] And, there's the greenlight on the
note.
Voila.
[SOUND] And see now all those notes are in
tune, [SOUND] and
that's what you call intonating the bass.
Very easy, a must, and again, we just did
it for the G string, so we go,
if we put a new set of strings on we'd go,
and do it for all the strings on the bass.
[MUSIC]