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Electric Bass Lessons: Music Theory

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[MUSIC]
So
it's important to know some basic music
theory, so that,
you can be in the same place as the other
musicians and have the same vocabulary.
We all speak in the same language and a
little theory goes a long way.
You don't need, need to know a huge
amount, but
you do need to have some fundamentals.
So that everybody's on the same page when
you're in a room with other musicians.
For instance, there are 12 basic notes,
in the scale that we use in most forms of
western music.
And when you play those 12 notes that you
were in the key of C, they would sound
like this.
[SOUND] 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.
We're back at C again.
So yes, this is the chromatic scale.
Again, the 12 notes in the chromatic
scale,
in the key of C are C, starting in 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and then we're back at C
again.
So but, music, like it or not, is talked
about.
As eight note scales, with missing notes
referred to as sharps and flats.
So for instance, instead of, using all 12
notes,
we're gonna use for instance the major
scale, which is C, and
we'll assign a number to each one of those
notes.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 is the octave
again.
So it's sort of the do re mi concept.
Do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do.
Sounds very simple and basic, but
this is something that we will come back
to forever.
So, you might wanna just get the basic
theory, in your head, and
as we get advanced, those eight notes
become a lot more important,
because now we're gonna start referring to
those notes as intervals.
[SOUND] And for instance if we use the
third, it's from e s The third
is the e s So by counting up to the third
s 1, 2, 3, is the e.
The G would be the fifth.
[SOUND] So those are intervals that we
will be referring to,
when we're talking about chord
progressions later.
And we can start.
We can, use those intervals in any key.
So, for instance, if we're in the key of
A.
We know that the third, will be a C or C
sharp, depending on major or minor.
The fifth will be the E.
So we will attach numbers to the notes and
whatever our, the key we're in, we'll call
that one.
So if we're in the key of D, D is our one.
So, if somebody says what's five up from
the A, that would be the A.
So practice, numbering all the keys and
learning all the intervals,
because this will really help you a lot
later.
For instance let's use the key of A.
So five up from A would be, the E, 1,2,3.
So now you know, you don't actually even
need the chord symbols,
if somebody said we're in the key of E,
and
they say play the five chord, you know
that the five chord will be the B.
Because you count up, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 from
the E.
So if that makes sense, we'll be referring
back to this a lot later when we're talk
about chord progressions, but just
remember that, you're using the tonic.
For the main note, the key that you're in
as one,
and then you're counting all the numbers
from one to eight in the octave.
So for instance back to C, C is one.
The octave is eight, and we'll go 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.
So the third would be the E.
A fifth would be the G [SOUND].
The fourth is F [SOUND].
And so on.
So get those under your, under your
fingers and chops and you'll be speaking
a new language that would help you
communicate with the other musicians.
[MUSIC]