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Skratch Lessons: Finding Samples

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All right,
this is how to mark your records.
And I'm gonna teach you how to see what's
on this record cuz I see everything that's
going on here.
So I'm gonna let you into the brotherhood
the secret way of revealing what's on this
blank record.
Okay, what's happening is you put your
record, you put your needle on the record,
and you let the song play.
And you're gonna look for the break.
This is how we look for the beginning of a
sound, like.
Let's see.
The break's coming up.
Oh, here comes the break
That's the break, right?
Just the drums.
So what you do is, the very beginning of
the break on the one,
one, that's one right there, right?
Move the record back.
See that's the very beginning, kinda slow
it down right there.
That's the one.
[MUSIC] Right?
So you're gonna mark that one.
As you can see, I've already marked it
right here.
What you do, is you get a pen,.
You get a straight edge whatever let's see
CD case and you just, you just kinda draw
your line on there and you mark it.
Let's see what the and
I always have a handy marker right here
under my turntable.
You drag that and you mark it.
Okay, so anyway [SOUND]
You got that there.
So that's the beginning of the.
[SOUND] Of the sound.
So after a while you get accustomed to
where the record is.
Like I say if it's.
I don't know,
a couple of turns here and there.
You can kinda hear
it too like in the headphones if it's
going [SOUND] Here's the break, right?
It's the beginning.
And every sound is going to sound
But as you get used to it.
You'll know where it is.
Anyway so, that's 12 o'clock right there
for that one.
And of course I mark this one as well 12
So let's find that break.
[SOUND] There your go, see?
Kinda put the needle around, near the area
where it is.
[SOUND] Just fish around until you, there
it is.
That's beginning ans once again,
that's marked at 12 o'clock.
So now you're, you're ready to go.
you'll get used to how many turns you want
it to be.
See if it keeps going I guess that would
be three turns back and one, two, three.
And people say you can hear sounds with
your fingers, you know,
cuz it's just vibrations.
And after a while you could actually hear
sounds with your fingers.
All right?
And see, there it goes.
I'm playing with the snare now.
Which is let's see, if this is 12 o'clock.
That snare would be let's see what's the
clock over there,
that would be about 5 o'clock.
One, two, right.
The snare is always on two.
Snare's are always on even numbers.
Not always, but in a four four type music,
the snares are usually, are on two.
So it's one, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
All right, so two and four are the snares.
The one is, of course, the beginning of
the beat.
There, see.
Back to the break.
This mixer has a little, bleed in it.
Maybe that's gonna help us find the sound
for these demos.
And that's a little bit about marking
As far as skratching records go, this is a
skipless recording here.
This super seal record, right.
These sounds are are, made to skip.
Like, be for each track it would a minute
of the same sound like fresh,
fresh, fresh.
So if the needle skips, it is going be on
that same fresh sound.
So let's see.
If you put the needle down like this you
can see the track right here.
I don't know if you can see the the little
lines there.
See the little lines right there?
So that would be, this whole minute of
sounds would be,
this next one would be, fresh.
And so on and so on.
Different sounds on each track.
Because it's recorded on purpose to be a
skiple, skipless record.
So if the needle jumps.
It's going to land somewhere around there
and it will still be the same sound.
So I'll give you an example, let's see.
So here' the fresh.
[SOUND] And once again, I already marked
it at 12 o'clock.
So no matter what if I put it on 12
o'clock around that area right there,
it's going to be that sound I'm looking
[SOUND] All right.
And let's say, the needle skips, right?
[SOUND] Let's just make the needle skip.
This is how to make the needle skip
course, right?
You know, so.
[SOUND] So we skip it.
[SOUND] So it can land on that same sound.
That's what these records are made for,
That's why they're made like that.
Okay like, let's say this track right
At 12 o'clock, it's gonna start at one.
And this is what it sounds like if I just
let it play.
And it just so
happens that those are gonna, it's gonna
keep repeating itself 'cuz it.
This record is recorded like that on
Like, for one minute, it's just gonna keep
those sounds, right?
So, 12 o'clock is one, and for some
Because the way it sample.
The two land over here and three happen to
land over here [NOISE] and
the four happen to land on here.
[NOISE] If you just keep your eye on the
record just watch.
There some drum around here
around 10 'o clock.
The drums around here around 9 or 10
All right?
Now after the whole minute it's another
track, right?
That's just gonna keep looping.
The record is revolving at 33.3 rotations
a minute.
So that also translates to 33.3 beats per
minute [NOISE].
So if you put this whole track, everything
here is 33.3 beats per minute
There's no, like, really real beat there.
It's just recorded like that because the
record is revolving that way, and, and
in order for it to repeat itself,.
It's gonna have to just be that 33.3.
So anyway, we've got this.
[SOUND] This is where you mark this as a
[SOUND] And then, after the splasher is
over I recorded a.
And that just happened to land right
So we just kinda got to remember it like
wherever things land.
Lets see.
[SOUND] Lets say this is your favorite
[SOUND] You just remember that 's it.
The 10 o'clock right here.
All right?
Well if you wanna skratch a guitar it's
always gonna land right there at.
What is that?
4, 4:30, 4 o'clock whatever.
All right.
Then what else is there?
Let's put it on a different track.
Let's see.
[NOISE] See this whistle starts at 12.
This head note starts at four.
This eights over here.
About 8 o'clock 10 o'clock.
11 o'clock whatever [NOISE].
So if you wanna mess around with different
sounds and
have a sound talk to each other.
You just memorize those spots.
It's kind of like a keyboard, you got
your', your piano and
you got the dole over here.
The C and you go backwards, C D E F,
You can do C, F, C, F, C, F whatever.
So it's kinda like that.
So you just.
Let's play with these two sounds.
You've got 11 o'clock [SOUND] And
whatever, 8 o'clock [SOUND].
So, you know,
just came on Let's see this sound, this
12 o'clock and so this is a long sound so
it's gonna be.
Play over here.
[SOUND] There's only two sounds on this
track that goes beep, about 10 o'clock.
[SOUND] First they play, you know.
But yeah.
When you mark it on that 12 o'clock,
you're just gonna remember everything
after that.
Everything else is gonna land in different
But that 12 o'clock is home base.
See, here's another one over here.
This should say, yeah.
[SOUND] All right?
Cuz I memorized where everything,
everything is.
But at 12 o'clock there should be a ha.
[SOUND] Yeah.
What else is there?
Oh, there should be some drums here.
Some electro-drums here.
[BLANK] But,
I hope that explains it for you.
When you get this record, the trick is.
This is superseal right here.
It, it's made for, for skipless
When you get it.
When you get it home,
you let the record play at the very
[SOUND] The first sound you hear is.
As soon as you hear that stop the record
right there.
Be very careful, it's the very beginning.
And just draw a line right there.
Get your, get that sound.
You hear it, the sound at the very tip.
Real slow, put this down.
Hold it there.
Make sure this is straight to this.
Level to everything.
And just draw your line.
[SOUND] Color that in.
And you'll know where all the sounds are
from there.
Should be fresh.
[SOUND] It should be its.
Should be one, two, no it should be a
[NOISE] Should be one, two, three, four.
You know, so yeah, when you mark that line
there and
you play with a record then you'll really
And you'll feel it of, where everything
belongs and how it all works out.
But that's the secret, as soon as you mark
it there, 12 o'clock,
everything else falls into place.
That's just home base, is at 12 o'clock.