This is a public version of the members-only Hip-Hop Scratch with DJ Qbert, at ArtistWorks. Functionality is limited, but CLICK HERE for full access if you’re ready to take your playing to the next level.

These lessons are available only to members of Hip-Hop Scratch with DJ Qbert.
Join Now

Digital Applications
Training Dojo

In this section, you can have call and response sessions with experienced skratch djs. They'll skratch the questions, and you skratch the answers. Here, you can try to copy them or just freestyle. Try out the skratches you've learned and put them together in your own way. It's that easy!

When you get better, you can post your own call and response "sessions" for the training dojo so that others can skratch along with you too!

Beat Juggling
Setup & Gear
Helpful Hints
Guest Professors
30 Day Challenge
«Prev of Next»

Skratch Lessons: Music Theory 2.1

Lesson Video Exchanges () submit video Submit a Video Lesson Study Materials () This lesson calls for a video submission
Study Materials
information below
Lesson Specific Downloads
Play Along Tracks
Backing Tracks +
Written Materials +
Additional Materials +
resource information below Close
Collaborations for
resource information below Close
Submit a video for   

This video lesson is available only to members of
Hip-Hop Scratch with DJ Qbert.

Join Now

information below Close
Course Description

This page contains a transcription of a video lesson from Hip-Hop Scratch with DJ Qbert. This is only a preview of what you get when you take Skratch Lessons at ArtistWorks. The transcription is only one of the valuable tools we provide our online members. Sign up today for unlimited access to all lessons, plus submit videos to your teacher for personal feedback on your playing.

CLICK HERE for full access.
So, what's up everybody?
I'm very happy to welcome you to the
second tutorial.
Related to the part music theory.
I hope you like the first tutorial with
Martin Baumgartner,
with the professional drum teacher from
And I think you are now able to count to
take some exercises with clapping and
So in this tutorial, Martin Baumgardner
explains now the basics of
the classical notation This is important
with this previous knowledge, it's much
easier to go.
At the next tutorial, with me, into the S
Okay I wish you the best and I wish you
the best.
So far I showed how to count properly in a
What a down beat.
What back beat.
What off beat.
Quarters Semiquavers.
Now I want to should how it possible how
to write it down.
In the first diagram, you see only four
over four.
That's the four on top of another four.
That means you have to count one, two,
three, four, to get one whole bar.
Then you have a line, or a terminal, at
the beginning and one at the end.
These lines indicate the beginning and the
end of one bar.
If you see double dots at the beginning,
the two little dots, that means
make sure you know where those are
because, as soon as you see the second.
Two dots.
You know, repeat what's in between the two
If you have the two lines at the
beginning, at the end of a bar.
And you see the little two dots at the
beginning and at the end.
That indicates you have to repeat whatever
is in between those two dots.
On the second diagram, you see one, two,
three, and four.
That indicates how you have to count.
At the end of the day, the numbers won't
be there anymore,
but at the moment, we use them as a little
Maybe you've seen that there are double
dots at the beginning and
at the end of the bar.
This indicates you have to repeat.
This one bar.
Actually, the double dots could be over
the lengths of two bars, so
you have one bar with the vertical lines,
double dots at the beginning,
second bar and double dots at the ending
of the second bar.
That would mean repeat those two bars over
and over.
And in the last step to ge ta 4 over 4
bar, we just put in 4 quarter notes.
So you see the beginning of the bar, the
end of the bar, 4 over 4 at the beginning.
Let's see, 1, 2, 3, 4, the numbers on top.
And then you see four notes that look
exactly the same.
What's important about those notes, those
are quarters, by the way,
they have a head, that's the little black
dot on top, and they have a neck.
Head and neck.
Four times, the same symbol.
It's four quarters.
That will be one [NOISE], two [NOISE],
three [NOISE], four [NOISE].
And if you take the indication of the
reputation for serious that would mean one
[SOUND] two [SOUND] three [SOUND] four
[SOUND], one [SOUND] two
[SOUND] three [SOUND] four [SOUND] and so
on until you're totally safe with it.
In the next example you have.
The very awkward looking sign followed by
a quarter note
followed by the same sign again, and at
the end another quarter note.
The strange new sign is a pause, it's a
quarter pause.
So, the length of this pause is equal to
the length of the quarter note.
In this example we have pause.
Note, pause note.
I count in one bar and then I gonna clap
that to show you.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, [NOISE] three, [NOISE] four,
one, two [NOISE] three, [NOISE] four.
I repeated it one time.
As you've realized I did a count in of.
Four beats.
One, two, three, four.
Why am I doing this?
Imagine you're playing with a band.
You have a drummer, and a guitar player, a
bass player, a keyboarder, and
someone with the maracas.
If you want to play with them, you have to
start at the same time.
Why do you have to know the beat?
It usually helps if someone in the band
does a count in.
So, we know one, two, three, four, one.
[SOUND] and you can start together.
For these examples I do the count ins to
help you following when I start.
Otherwise it's just gonna start and you
have no idea where I am.
In the next example, you see there are
eight notes.
Between the beginning of the bar and the
end of the bar.
If you can imagine those are eighths.
What's the difference the quarters and the
These eighths.
You see it's always two notes.
Two hats.
Two necks.
And they are tied together by the little
line at the bottom.
This little line indicates those are
It's one line.
That's important because you gonna see
different variations of lines.
But for eighths its just one line.
We have four packages of two eighths.
Together that's eight.
And if I count in and clap this.
Its gonna be like this.
One, two, three, four.
[NOISE] One, two, three.
Four one two three four.
And again I did a repetition because
double dots at the beginning at the end.
For you actually it means repeat it as
as it takes until you feel safe about it.