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Skratch Lessons: Music Theory 2.2

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[MUSIC]
Now
let's start mixing the different notation
values we already know.
In this example we have on one a quarter
pause,
on two a quarter note, on three another
quarter pause,
and on four two eighths Pause, quarter,
pause, two eighths.
I'm going to count in one bar then I clap
it.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two-
[SOUND] Three, four.
One.
Two.
[SOUND] Three, four [SOUND] One two
[SOUND] Three, four [SOUND].
I did a repetition of four times.
You see they are back in something like a
back beat moody thing.
We have pauses on the down beat which
would be one and three.
And we have clapping on the back beat.
On two and three.
[NOISE] You could try the two track.
This new diagram is actually also a way of
writing down eight note.
If you count through, it's eigth notes in
this bar.
Each one has a head.
A neck, and a little thing at the end of
the neck.
It's called a flag.
One flag, remember as I told you before,
if you tie two eighths together,
you do it with one little line, one line
that connects the two notes.
If you disconnect it put them apart, this
stays
one little line to them, and beats just
draw them as a little flag.
So if you see neck, no, if you head, neck,
flag that's an eighth note.
It's way easier to write it in four
packages of two notes,
then having eight single notes.
But, actually, it will be the same.
In one of the following, following
examples, we're gonna see
why we need the possibility of having the
note type together.
Just to make sure you understood what I
told you before.
We have in this diagram two eighths that
are tied together with a bar.
Then we have two eighths with little
flags.
Another two eighths tied together.
And another two eighths with little flags.
This bar is just one, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
You see, it's equal eights all the time.
It's just two different ways of writing it
down.
And now I'm going to show you why it's
important that we have the possibility of
writing down eight notes which are not
connected to packages of two.
Maybe you remember the thing I told you
before about the off beat,
the off beat would always be the second
eighth.
If you count one, two, three, four, one,
two, three, four.
Always between the beat.
Four, one, two, three, four.
So that would be an eighth pause on the
number I'm counting and
the second eighth of the package is gonna
be played.
If I count one and two and three and four
and one and two and
three and four and, you see I always clap
on the and.
Now I show you how to write it down.
An eighth pause is a little back slash
line with a thingy on top of it.
So if I want to have pause and a clap on
the off beat,
which would be one and, I put the pause
with the back slash and
the thingy on one, followed by a eighth
note.
The eighth note is the head, the neck and
the little flag.
In this example, I have two different ways
of writing it down.
Regular backslash thingy pause, eight
note, backslash thingy pause eighth note.
By the way the backslash thingy pause is
an eighth pause.
And then, I indicate the same, but I'm not
just making the little flag, but
I indicate the, the underline thing to
show those are eighths too.
I count in and I clap it two times: one,
two, three, four, one.
[SOUND] Two.
[SOUND] Three.
[SOUND] Four.
[SOUND] One.
[SOUND] Two.
[SOUND] Three.
[SOUND] Four.
[SOUND].
If this is a little tricky, do the and
counting one and
two and, that might help you.
I'll show you.
One and two and three and four, and one.
[SOUND] And two.
[SOUND] And three.
[SOUND] And four.
[SOUND] And.
In this example, I missed the different
notation things we've learned so far.
You see, it starts on the one with a
quarter pause.
On the two we have two eighths tied
together.
On three there is the backslash thingy
pause,
and eighth pause, followed by an eighth
note.
And on four there is a quarter.
I count in and I clap it two times.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
And again, if it helps you counting with
the offbeat one and two and
three and four and.
It will sound like this.
One and two and three and four and.
One and two [SOUND] And three [SOUND] And
four and one and two.
[SOUND] And three.
[SOUND] And four.
[SOUND] And.
After learning how to write down and read
quarters and semi-quarters,
quavers and semi quavers I'll show you how
to write down the sixteenths.
In this diagram you see quarter note, two
eighths, four new signs and two eighths.
The four new signs are four sixteenths.
Now, look at it closely and you see they
are tied together by two lines.
That's the big difference.
Two lines.
With the eighth notes, it was always one
line.
16ths are indicated by two lines.
If you wanna clap this quarter to eighths.
Four sixteenths and two eighths.
It is a regular note.
Double speed.
Yet double speed from double speed.
And back to double speed from the first
note.
That sounds a little gibberish.
I clap it for you.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
One, two, three, four.
[MUSIC]