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Skratch Lessons: Music Theory 3.2

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This page contains a transcription of a video lesson from Hip-Hop Scratch with DJ Qbert. This is only a preview of what you get when you take Skratch Lessons at ArtistWorks. The transcription is only one of the valuable tools we provide our online members. Sign up today for unlimited access to all lessons, plus submit videos to your teacher for personal feedback on your playing.

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Okay, single movements, so
called one way movements.
These movements are the base of many, or
of all complex scratch patterns.
To understand them is pre-requisite in
describing scratch techniques.
So as you, well you know it very well this
is on the one hand the forward motion,
yeah, called note in the S notation,
N-O-T-E, so.
And also the backward motion.
It's called an ETON.
So reverse spelling of the note, note.
Eton, yeah?
So and when I say I play a note [SOUND]
goes like this,
when I say I play an Eton [SOUND] So it's
like this.
So to indicate these record motions we use
two different
symbols which consists of a hat and
a stem.
As in the classical notation.
You simply have to keep in mind, the note
head towards right in an upward fashion.
Was a forward motion.
[SOUND] Yeah?
The Eton head towards left in an upward
[NOISE] So as you can see I have mirrored
the traditional
symbol of the note into a symbol to
indicate the backward motion.
This is quite easy to understand, I think.
So now some words concerning the pitch.
So okay when the symbols of a note or an
eton is placed on or
above the center line of the staff,
the stem is placed on the left extremity
of the note or
on the right extremity of the eton head.
It goes down as you can see in the
attached indication.
So this position of both symbols requires
always a higher pitch because,
these symbols are placed above the center
line of the staff.
So, and a higher pitch, in this case,
[SOUND] [SOUND] higher than the release.
[NOISE] Yeah, for
the note, it's the same
when we play [NOISE].
This is a so called higher pitch.
So in opposite when the symbols is placed
under the center line,
the stem is placed on the right extremity
of the note.
Or on the left extremity, for the Eton.
And goes, always up.
The Eton, is drawn as the mirror fashion
of the note.
This position of ghost symbols requires
now logically,
a slower pitch, or a slower speed of the
So, and when I say, slower speed of the
I mean it's slower than the release, like
this, here.
note, okay the same applies for the eton.
[SOUND] This is zero and then.
in this case, when we move the record in a
slower pitch,
we must write the symbols under the
So as you could recognize the center line
our fixed point through which we can
a high motion speed or a slower motion
That means we must notes where the etons
direct on the center line to indicate
that they are played in the same speed as
a release mode, like this for the note.
Now, we see on the screen, the note is
placed on the center line and it means.
The same speed as the release, yeah?
Was Eton.
So now a very important advice.
Due to the acoustical difference of the
record motion played by hand,
yeah, played by hand.
Then opposite to the release mode
We need
a graphical differentiation to indicate
both playing styles.
This is very important.
I, I will explain this in another
tutorial, why it is so important.
But for now, by playing notes in ETON as a
we use round heads for transcription.
You can see this now on the screen.
The placement of the stem now is
responsible if we play it
as a forward release, we see it now on the
Now is, stem placed on the left side of
the note head, round note head.
when we play it as in backward release,
the stem is now placed on the right side.
Okay, now another advice.
In case of changing the automatical speed
or running,
speed of the platter [SOUND] by playing.
For example, for a tone playing, tone
pitching or something like that.
We must position
the symbols within the staff in accordance
to the respective tune.
But like I said in the beginning, this the
content of an upcoming tutorial.