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Banjo Lessons: Theory - Chords

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[MUSIC]
Okay, now let's talk
about how chords are constructed.
Again, a chord
[MUSIC]
Is made up of three notes,
at least the basic chord, and
it's also called a triad because it's made
up of three notes.
[MUSIC]
Now, what notes comprise a chord?
Well in G, you have the third string.
That's G, well there's your, the root of
your chord.
The second string is B, and the first
string is D.
Right?
Cuz the two banjo's tuned top string is G,
then D, G, B, D, and of course, there are
other tunings, but
this is the main tuning that you use in
bluegrass with a couple of exceptions.
[MUSIC]
So you've got G, B, and D.
Now let's find out what intervals in the G
scale these notes are.
Bear with me.
Don't glaze over.
I know it's tempting cuz it people do tend
to glaze over with a more,
slightly deeper theory.
I'll start to glaze over myself so I know
how it is.
But, let's go from G to B, from the third
string to the second string.
But let's go up the third string.
So G, A, B.
You're taking this two whole steps.
So what note is the second string?
That's, what?
It's the third note of a scale.
Do, re, mi, one, two, three.
So you have the third string G.
That's the first note of the scale.
[MUSIC]
The second string is the third note of
the scale.
The G scale.
So you have the first note of the scale,
G.
Do, re, mi, one, two, three.
The third note of the scale for your
second note in the chord, B.
[MUSIC]
And
now we'd have to find what the first
string D is.
[MUSIC]
That's the fifth note of the scale.
One, two, three, four, five.
And this is a major scale.
I'm sorry, major triad or G major chord.
[MUSIC]
As opposed to a G minor chord.
[MUSIC]
Which I'll talk about in a minute.
[MUSIC]
Okay, so there's a G chord and
it's made up of the first, third, and
fifth notes of the scale.
[MUSIC]
Okay?
Now what's the distance between, first you
have two whole steps,
or four-half steps, from there to there to
there to there to there.
There's one, two, three, four.
So it's four-half steps.
And then to the fifth note of the scale,
one, two, three is three.
Half steps.
So from G to B is four-half steps, from B
to D is three-half steps.
[MUSIC]